Surveying is essential for a number of different construction activities. The initial stage of a project usually includes a detailed analysis to determine the best route. Surveying engineers use a coordinate system to set out reference points and mark locations for construction projects. Surveying is one of the oldest disciplines on Earth, dating back to the construction of the Great Pyramid of Giza in approximately 2700 BC. The skills and knowledge of Egyptian surveyors were instrumental in building the pyramid.
The process of surveying is also known as setting-out or stake-out. Surveyors stake-out markers or reference points based on a coordinate system to make sure construction activities proceed safely. Modern technologies have improved surveying accuracy. In the past, surveyors measured distance by staking out two posts joined by a chain. The distance could only be accounted for with these methods. Current technology makes use of GPS or Global Positioning System to measure elevation and distance.
Surveyors work in many environments. Projects range from residential subdivisions to high-rise commercial buildings. Other projects include highways and airports. While many surveyors work for private companies, others are employed by the local government. Listed below are just a few of the most common types of construction activities requiring surveying. These construction activities all have common challenges, including safety. For example, surveying can lead to the discovery of dangerous conditions pklikes.com.
Pre-construction surveying identifies structural settlement and exterior damages. A pre-construction survey technician can also tell if adjacent properties are experiencing unrelated damage. If a neighboring property owner reports construction damage without a pre-construction survey, the contractor may not be able to prove this damage. The developer might be held liable for the damage, making the project ineffective, or even worse. So, surveying can save your project and the reputation of the contractor.
Civil surveying involves detailed spatial relationships and precise boundary lines. High-precision optical and electromechanical equipment is essential in this field. It can help determine land ownership and prepare for military operations. And if you have a large scale construction project, civil surveying can be used to help plan the construction project. Besides civil construction activities, surveying can also be used for determining the position of structures such as roads, dams, and bridges.
Hydrographic and geological surveying map coastlines and provide accurate data for navigation. Accurate hydrographic surveying is crucial for Coast Guard operations, marine rescue operations, and coastal resource management. Similarly, topographic surveying studies physical features of a landscape. Surveying engineers measure the height of different geographical coordinates and draw contour lines that represent areas of the same elevation. These findings can help them produce topographical maps and assess terrain for future construction projects.
A construction survey is a vital part of the planning process for a construction project. Although most construction engineers and architects are trained in the mechanics of buildings, the strength and integrity of the ground are essential components of the success of the project. Surveyors are uniquely trained to assess the land suitability for building. They also evaluate the possibility of flooding. In addition to the legal requirements, surveyors have special tools to ensure the construction project will go according to plan.